Mineral sands deposits can be mined either wet or dry.
Wet mining involves using a dredge and a floating concentrator. In this method, the floating concentrator moves along behind the dredge in the pond.
In the dry mining method, earthmoving equipment is used to excavate and transport the sand.
Dredging is more dependent on water availability and suitable ground conditions.
Dry mining is the most commonly used method for mineral sands deposits. It can be used with hard ground deposits, discontinuous ore bodies, and deposits with small tonnage and high grades.